1. A Muslim man can divorce his wife immediately
It is a misconception that a Muslim man can divorce his wife on the spot by saying “I want divorce.” three times, however it is clearly stated in the Quran for a divorce to be made official there must be a waiting period.
For those who are discontent with their wives, let them wait for four months. If they reconcile, then God is Forgiving, Merciful. And if they insist on the divorce, then God is Hearer, Knowledgeable. [2:226-227]
2. Men could take back the gifts they gave to their wives
The Quran renders this practice illegal, along with the practice of initiating a divorce on false charges so that a man may legally confiscate some of his wife’s property.
It is not lawful for you (men) to take back any of your gifts (from your wives.) (Qur’an 2:229)
3. Divorced Partners cannot marry again
Men can marry the woman they divorced only after she has been married to someone else. If her new husband dies, or they too divorce her former husband will be able to marry her.
And if he has divorced her [for the third time],
then she is not lawful to him afterward
until [after] she marries a husband other than him.
And if the latter husband divorces her [or dies],
there is no blame upon the woman
and her former husband for returning
to each other if they think that they
can keep [within] the limits of God. (Qur’an 2:230)
4. Women cannot initiate divorce
The only difference between a divorce initiated by a husband and a wife in Islam is that if the husband intends to divorce his wife, he has to announce his declaration of divorce, whereas the wife who seeks divorce either asks her husband to declare a divorce upon her, or if he refuses her request, she would have to initiate a divorce proceedings against her husband in a Shariah Court. But without an iota of a doubt, both parties in the marriage have a right to initiate a divorce proceeding, if they indeed wish to do so.
If a wife fears cruelty or desertion on her husband’s part, there is no blame on them if they arrange an amicable settlement between themselves; (Surah 4 Verse 128)
5. In the three months waiting period Husband does not support wife
In the three month waiting period before the divorce is finalized, the husband has to support the wife financially.
“And if they suckle your (offspring) give them their recompense ” (Surah LXV, verse 6).
6. Husband does not support the children after divorce
If the wife decides to take the children with her the husband has to provide with the financial assistance to take care of the children.
No mother shall be treated unfairly
on account of her child.
Nor father on account of his child. (Qur’an 2:233)