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The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) is an endeavor to methodically rank the countries of the world as per the terrorist activity going on. The annual index positions nations in light of information from the Global Terrorism Database which is regulated by a consortium based at the US University of Maryland.
GTI indicates that ISIS is currently the deadliest terrorist group on the planet, overwhelming Boko Haram, after taking responsibility for killing around 6,141 deaths through assaults in more than 250 cities from all around the world in 2015. That’s not the end, GTI report further indicated that the number of countries in which ISIS has carried out attacks has dramatically increased.
In 2015 total number of deaths decreased by ten per cent. The reason for this fall in the deaths has been driven by the military activity against Isis and Boko Haram in Iraq and Nigeria individually, but on the other side, this has allowed them to extend their terrorist activities in their neighboring countries which they actually did. ISIS and its affiliates were seen active in 15 new states whereas Boko Haram has expanded into Cameroon, Niger and Chad. That is the main reason why a record number of countries recorded the highest number of terrorism in 2016 as compared to the previous years.
According to the Global Terrorism Index 2015 Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan and Syria are the top five nations affected severely by terrorism.
Talking specifically about Pakistan, it has observed major declines in its level of terrorism because of ongoing “Zarb-e-Azab” and infighting with the TTP. As stated earlier, Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan along with Syria are the top five countries accounted for 72 percent of all deaths from terrorism in 2015.
Highlights of GTI Report 2016
Seventy-six nations enhanced their scores in the 2016 GTI while 53 nations weakened.
The five countries with the highest impact from terrorism as measured by the GTI are Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Syria.
Deaths from psychological warfare diminished by ten for each penny in 2015 to 29,376.
Iraq and Nigeria had the greatest reductions in 5,556 fewer deaths.
In OECD(Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) party nations, deaths from terrorist attacks significantly expanded in 2015.
ISIL-subsidiary gatherings embraced assaults in 28 nations in 2015, up from 13 nations in 2014.
There were 274 known terrorist groups that did an assault in 2015, of these 103 gatherings did not execute anybody.
Twenty-three nations recorded their most noteworthy number of deaths from psychological oppression in 2015.
In 2015 four gatherings were in charge of 74 per cent of all deaths from psychological warfare: ISIL, Boko Haram, the Taliban, and al-Qa’ida.
Boko Haram had an 18 percent reduction in the number of people it killed in 2015, in charge of 5,478 deaths amid the year.
Al-Qa’ida had a 17 percent lessening in the means of individuals it slaughtered in 2015, in charge of 1,620 deaths in the year.
The Taliban in Afghanistan had 29 per cent increment in the means of individuals it executed in 2015, in charge of 4,502 deaths from psychological warfare amid the year.
Of the most recent 16 years, the most noticeably bad year for terrorist oppression was 2014 with 93 nations encountering an assault and 32,765 individuals slaughtered.
ISIL remote contenders who have gone to Syria, for the most part, have large amounts of training, however, low earnings, with numerous warriors participating to a limited extent because of a feeling of exclusion in their home countries.
There were 18 deaths brought on by ISIL-subsidiary assaults in the OECD in 2014. This number expanded altogether in 2015, to 313 deaths from 67 assaults.
Half of all plots with an ISIL association have been led by individuals who have had no immediate contact with ISIL.
More than 90 for percent of all terrorist oppression assaults happened in nations occupied with savage clashes.
Just 0.5 percent of terrorist attack happened in nations that did not experience the ill effects of contention or political dread.